Bed bugs are small insects that feed on blood. They are aptly named because of their nocturnal nature and their tendency to feed on human hosts who are sleeping in bed. These pests can be bothersome, and they multiply quickly. Here are a few signs that your home has bed bugs:
Visible Bed bugs
Bed bugs tend to hide in dark, close areas, such as along the under edges of you mattress or in the crevices of your headboard. A visual inspection of your bed can often reveal a bug in hiding. Be sure to examine both sides of your box spring and mattress. Bed bugs are brown or reddish, flat insects with no wings. They resemble apple seeds and are less than a half inch long.
Although your bed is one of the best places to search, bed bugs may be found near your wall receptacles, under wall paper or along the seams of a sofa. The best time to complete a bed bug search is in the early morning before sunrise.
When you inspect your bedding and furniture, look for several tiny black spots grouped together. The black spots could be bed bug droppings. Fecal matter from bed bugs is comprised of digested blood and appears like small stains that do not move when touched. However, the stains may smear if moistened during cleaning.
Bed bug stains are typically seen near the resting place of a host because the bugs excrete waste while they are feeding. Since bed bugs are also known to feed on animals, you should also check the bedding of your pets for bugs and fecal stains.
Itchy Bite Marks
Bed bug bites, which look similar to mosquito bites, are raised and red. The bite rash appears in a linear pattern and may be in groups of three. Bed bug bites are itchy and uncomfortable, and the irritation from a bed bug bite can last over a week.
When a bed bug feeds, it can remain in place for over 10 minutes. Multiple bites are common. Bed bugs need to feed at least once every two weeks to continue to make eggs, and they multiply quickly, A female can produce up to five eggs per day, and the bug within the egg is ready to produce its own eggs in about four weeks.Thus, the number of bites may increase in a short period.
A juvenile bed bug is pale yellow and is about the size of a sesame seed. However, as it matures, it increases in size and sheds its pale exoskeleton. Bed bugs actually molt at each stage of their life cycle. However, the shells of the smallest bugs are rarely noticed. Sighting small, yellow "shells" can be indicative of a bed bug infestation.
Confirming the presence of bed bugs can be challenging. Once a bed bug infestation is found, it may still be difficult to eradicate. If you believe you have bed bugs, contact a pest control company, such as http://www.craigandsons.com, for inspection and treatment.